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A Short History and Production Statistics of the Oil Refinery and Plastics Industry for Railfans

The Gulf of Mexico accounts for about a quarter of U.S. crude oil and natural gas production, with 1.35 million bpd of crude production, and 14 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas.

Tons of rail traffic originating in Texas 1999
Chemicals 39,851,093
Nonmetallic Minerals 23,270,374
Petroleum 7,454,510
Fixed Freight 6,549,212
Farm Products 4,933,378
All Other 27,213,538
Grand Total 109,272,105
Tons of rail traffic terminating in Texas 1999
Coal 54,320,256
Nonmetallic Minerals 28,329,806
Farm Products 27,166,933
Chemicals 21,405,982
Food Products 9,875,128
All Other 43,991,624
Grand Total 185,089,729

US refineries in Texas, Louisiana, and California as of 2008
Exxon Mobil Corp Baytown, TX 572,000 barrels per day
Exxon Mobil Corp Baton Rouge, LA 503,000
Citgo Petroleum Corp Lake Charles, LA 429,000
BP PLC Texas City, TX 456,000
Exxon Mobil Corp Beaumont, TX 344,000
Deer Park Refining Limited Partnership Deer Park, TX 330,000
Lyondell Citgo Refining Co. Ltd. Houston, TX 270,200
BP West Coast Products Los Angeles, CA 265,000
Chevron Texaco El Segundo, CA 279,000
Flint Hills Resources Corpus Christi, TX 288,000
Houston Refining LP Houston, TX 270,000
Marathon Petroleum Co Garyville, LA 256,000
Premcor Refining Group Inc Port Arthur, TX 287,000
Motiva Enterprises LLC Port Arthur, TX 285,000
ConocoPhillips Company Belle Chase, LA 247,000
ConocoPhillips Co Sweeny, TX 247,000
Chevron Texaco Richmond, CA 245,000
ConocoPhillips Company Westlake, LA 239,000
Motiva Enterprises Norco, LA 236,000
Motiva Enterprises Convent, LA 235,000
Totalfinaelf SA Atofina Petrochemicals Inc. Port Arthur, TX 232,000
Valero Energy Corp Texas City, TX 199,000
Valero Refining New Orleans LLC Norco, LA 185,000
Valero Energy Corp Diamond Shamrock Sunray, TX 171,000
Tesoro Petro Corp Martinez, CA 166,000
Citgo Refining & Chemical Inc Corpus Christi, TX 163,000
Royal Dutch Shell GP Martinez, CA 156,400
PDV America Inc Citgo Refining & Chemical Inc. Corpus Christi, TX 156,000
Exxon Mobil Corp Torrance, CA 149,000
WRB Refining Borger, TX 146,000
Valero Energy Corp Benicia, CA 144,000
ConocoPhillips Co Borger, TX 143,800
Valero Energy Corp Corpus Christi, TX 142,000
ConocoPhillips Co Wilmington, CA 136,600
Western Refining Company El Paso, TX 122,000
Murphy Oil USA Meraux, LA 120,000
Crown Central Petro Corp Pasadena, TX 100,000
Royal Dutch Shell GP Wilmington, CA 98,500
Valero Energy Corp Diamond Shamrock Three Rivers, TX 90,000
Valero Energy Corp Houston, TX 83,000
Marathon Ashland Petro LLC Texas City, TX 72,000
Tesoro Refining & Marketing Co Wilmington, CA 97,000

The U.S. consumed 2.5 billion gallons of lubricants in 1997. Fifty-four percent of these were automotive lubricants (such as engine oil and transmission fluid) and forty-four percent were industrial lubricants (such as hydraulic fluid and gear oil).
Three main types of lubricants make up today�s market. Petroleum oil-based lubricants (also called mineral oils) are derived from crude oil, and make up the vast majority of the lubricants sold today. Synthetic lubricants have been synthesized from intermediate petrochemicals to possess a range of high-performance attributes, often including biodegradability. Based on information from Hewin International, they account for 1.8 percent of today�s lubricant market. Plant-based lubricants can be derived from a range of vegetable oils and are inherently biodegradable and low in toxicity. As this industry is still in the development stage, its current market share is low: Frost & Sullivan, a marketing analyst group, places it at less than one percent of the U.S. market.
At least 13 independent North American companies and cooperatives are commercially producing plant-based lubricants. These groups face the daunting task of introducing a new product into a market dominated by huge petroleum companies. Globally, the top three lubricant producers: Shell, Exxon/Mobil and BP Amoco (who recently purchased Burmah Castrol) hold at least 50 percent of the lubricant market. Interestingly, these companies do produce lubricants containing varying percentages of vegetable oil, although their focus remains petroleum-based products.

Purchased in 1927, the Borger refinery is located in Borger, Texas, about 50 miles north of Amarillo in the Texas Panhandle. It is home to one of the most extensive crude oil and NGL processing operations in the world. The refinery processes mainly light sour crudes. The refinery receives crude oil and natural gas liquids feedstocks through ConocoPhillips� pipelines from west Texas, the Texas Panhandle and Wyoming. The Borger refinery also can receive foreign crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico via ConocoPhillips' Seaway and O pipeline systems. Pipelines move the finished products to west Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska and the Chicago area.
Major products are: Motor fuels (81,000 BPD), Aviation gasoline and jet fuel, Liquefied petroleum gas fuels, Distillates, and Ethane/propane mix.

Eastman Kodak Company completed new plant site in Longview, Texas in 1952. It manufactures over 60 major chemical and plastic products. Virtually all products are manufactured from two primary raw materials--propane and ethane, referred to as feedstocks--and uses approximately 55,000 barrels per day. The plant shipped 3.2 billion pounds of product in 2001, which is over 8.8 million pounds per day. It owns and operates 8 pipelines, three of which run 200 miles to the Gulf Coast. Eastman is the largest producer of polyester plastics for packaging and is a leading supplier of raw materials for paints and coatings, inks, and graphic arts, adhesives, textile sizes and other formulated products, and of cellulose acetate fibers.

Chevron Phillips Chemical Company
Cedar Bayou Plant at Baytown, TX makes ethylene (basic building block for plastics, fibers and elastomers, as well as raw material for chemicals used to make paints, detergents, and antifreeze), polyethylene (resin used for blow molding, injection molding, plastic pipe and conduit, retail bags), normal alpha olefins (group of chemicals produced from ethylene, used in alcohols, polyethylene, and synthetic lubricants).
Orange Chemical Plant at Orange, TX makes polyethylene.
Pasadena Plastics Complex at Pasadena, TX makes polyethylene and polypropylene (thermoplastic polymer used in fibers, films, automobiles, and food packaging).
Philtex-Ryton Complex at Borger, TX makes dimethyl sulfide (used as a sulfiding agent and agricultural chemical intermediate) and mercaptans (organosulfur chemicals used as agricultural and pharmaceutical intermediates and polymerization modifiers).
Port Arthur Plant at Port Arthur, TX makes cyclohexane (predominantly used in intermediates for manufacture of nylon), ethylene, polyethylene, and toluene (used as a solvent, in organic synthesis, and as an anti-knock agent for gasoline).
Sweeny Complex at Old Ocean, TX makes cyclohexane, ethylene, polyethylene.

Dow Chemical
Dow is the largest chemical company in Texas. In the late 1930s, Freeport, Texas had everything a chemical company could want - seawater rich in magnesium and bromine, a proximity to natural gas reserves and salt domes, a large harbor. By 1963 the site covered more than 3,000 acres and was the largest basic chemical processing plant in the world. Texas Operations continued to grow with the building of the first plants at the Oyster Creek facility in 1969. Today, the site spreads across more than 5,000 acres of land with more than 75 individual production plants. They produces 27 billion pounds of products annually, 11.7 billion pounds for internal use and 15.3 billion pounds sold externally to customers, 32 percent of this is shipped by rail. The three major complexes: Plant A, Plant B and Oyster Creek manufacture 44 percent of Dow products sold in the United States. Other plants are in Deer Park, Garland, Seadrift, and Texas City.
Texas City (Union Carbide Corporation - A Subsidiary of The Dow Chemical) petrochemical production facility, which occupies 1,000 acres, began operating in 1941. Annually, this facility produces five billion pounds of chemicals and plastics including hydrocarbons, specialty polymers and products, solvents, intermediates, monomers and industrial products.

BP Solvay Polyethylene North America
It is joint venture between British Petroleum (BP) and Solvay S.A. Annually BP Solvay Polyethylene produces 1.8 billion pounds of Fortiflex high density polyethylene (HDPE) at its production facilities in Deer Park, TX. Most of the HDPE produced is in the form of plastic pellets, shipped in railroad hopper cars.

OxyVinyls, LP
OxyVinyls is the largest supplier of PVC resin in North America. OxyVinyls Houston Operations consists of six facilities in the cities of LaPorte, Deer Park and Pasadena.
The Battleground Chlor-Alkali facility is located on 340 acres approximately one and a half miles north of Texas Highway 225 in a predominately industrial area. The Diamond Shamrock Company built the facility in 1974 with diaphragm cell technology. The production capacity is 1,542 tons per day of chlorine (used in plastics, H2O purification, and bleaching) and 1,725 tons per day of caustic soda (used to make paper, bleach, and soap). In 1982, a CO-generation facility was constructed with the capacity to produce 200 MW of electrical power. OxyChem acquired the site in 1986.
The Deer Park Chlor-Alkali facility is located on 289 acres adjacent to the Houston Ship Channel in a predominately industrial area. Diamond Alkali Company built the facility in 1948 with both mercury cell and diaphragm cell technology. The production capacity, which is currently being maintained in an idle state, is 1,080 tons per day of chlorine and 1,220 tons per day of caustic soda. In 1985, a CO-generation facility was constructed to produce 125MW of electrical power. OxyChem acquired the site in 1986.
The Deer Park PVC Facility is located on 7.5 acres adjacent to the Houston Ship Channel in a predominately industrial area. The facility produces polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin. PVC resin in an inert, harmless white powder that is used to make familiar consumer products such as plastic pipe, vinyl window frames, vinyl house siding, floor tile, food packaging, and medical applications. The facility was built in 1974. In 1982, BFGoodrich Company purchased the facility. In 1993, The Geon Company (now PolyOne) was formed and assumed ownership of the PVC facility. The plant has an annual capacity of 635 million pounds of PVC resin.
The Pasadena PVC Site facility is located on 175 acres adjacent to the Houston Ship Channel in a predominately industrial area. The facility produces ployvinyl chloride (PVC) resin. Tenneco Chemicals constructed a five-reactor PVC plant in 1975. This plant was expanded to eight reactors in 1978 and to ten reactors in 1979. In 1986, OxyChem purchased the to twelve reactors in 1990 with an annual production capacity of 1.25 billion pounds of PVC resin in 1997 with the addition of two more reactors and a finishing train.
The Deer Park VCM Site facility is located on 15 acres inside the Shell Deer Park Manufacturing Complex in a predominately industrial area. The facility produces Vinyl Chloride Monomer. The Shell Chemical Company constructed the existing VCM plant and installed Stauffer licensed technology. It began operations in 1971. The initial capacity was 700 million pounds per year. In 1987, OxyChem purchased the site. In November 1988, a fourth cracking furnace was added an annual capacity was increased to 1.1 billion pounds. Further incremental expansions have resulted in a current operating capacity of over 1.2 billion pounds per year.
The LaPorte VCM Site facility is located on 76 acres approximately one and half miles north of Texas Highway 225 in a predominately industrial area. The facility produces Vinyl Chloride Monomer. The Diamond Shamrock Company built the LaPorte facility with startup in 1978. LaPorte is a blend of Stauffer and BFGoodrich technology Its original capacity was 1.0 billion pounds of VCM per year. In 1993, the Geon Company was formed (now PolyOne) and assumed ownership of the plant. In 1996, a second VCM purification train and two furnaces were added to bring the capacity to 2.4 billion pounds per year.

Asphalt represents a small yield of only 3 percent of the U.S. refinery system. Asphalt consumption in the U.S. averaged approximately 31.7 million short tons in 1995. Asphalt consumption consists of two key sectors: The paving and the industrial or roofing sector. Paving asphalt demand was close to 85 percent of total asphalt demand in 1995, and averaged 26.7 million tons in 1995. Asphalt comes mostly from domestic refineries, and imports cover the balance. U.S. refiners are estimated to have produced roughly 29.6 million tons of asphalt in 1995, or 91 percent of the total supply. The Midwest has the highest production of 39.8 percent, followed by the Gulf Coast at 24.9 percent. The East Coast region's production is estimated to be at 17.2 percent, and the West Coast and Rocky Mountain regions trail at 10.6 percent and 7.5 percent, respectively. Where asphalt production exceeds consumption, there is a net flow out of the region in the form of interregional transfers out and sometimes in exports. This can be seen for the Gulf Coast and Rocky Mountain regions. In 1995, about 80,000 tons (72,000 metric tons) moved from the Midwest to the West Coast by rail. In 1995, the East Coast is estimated to have imported around 2.5 million tons of asphalt, which represents approximately 82 percent of total asphalt imports. These imports came mainly from Venezuela, Canada, Spain and Mexico. Imports to the Gulf Coast came primarily from Venezuela and Mexico, as did imports into the West Coast. The Midwest and Rockies imported asphalt from Canada.

U.S. manufacturers of ammonia are Agrium US Inc., Borger, TX; Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., East Pace, FL; Allied-Signal Inc, Hopewell, VA; Borden Chemicals and Plastics Operating Limited Partnership, Geismar, LA; CF Industries Inc., Donaldsonville, LA; Chevron Products Corporation, El Segundo, CA; Richmond, CA; Coastal Chem, Inc., Cheyenne, WY; Coastal Refining and Marketing, Inc., St. Helens, OR; Cytec Industries, Westwego (Avondale), LA; Dakota Gasification Company, Beulah, ND; DuPont, Beaumont, TX; Farmland Industries, Inc., Beatrice, NE; Dodge City, KS; Enid, OK; Fort Dodge, IA; Lawrence, KS; Pollock, LA; Green Valley Chemical Corporation, Creston, IA; IMC-Agrico Company, Donaldsonville, LA; IMC Nitrogen Company, East Dubuque, IL; Koch Nitrogen Company, Sterlington, LA; LaRoche Industries Inc, Cherokee, AL; Mississippi Chemical Corporation, Yazoo City, MS; Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO; St. Louis, MO; Luling, LA; PCS Nitrogen Fertilizer, L.P., Augusta, GA; Clinton, IA; Geismar, LA; La Platte, NE; Memphis, TN; PCS Nitrogen Ohio, L.P., Lima, OH; J R Simplot Company, Pocatello, ID; Terra Industries Inc., Sergeant Bluff, IA; Woodward, OK; Terra Nitrogen, Limited Partnership, Blytheville, AR; Triad Nitrogen, Inc., Donaldsonville, LA; Ultramar Diamond Shamrock Corporation, Dumas, TX; Unocal Corp, Finley, WA; Kenai, AK; and Willard Grain and Feed, Pryor, OK.

Vinyl Chloride
Dow Chemical, (Oyster Creek) Freeport, Tex. 2,700
Formosa Plastics, Point Comfort, Tex. 1,235
OxyMar, Ingleside, Tex. 2,300
OxyVinyls, Deer Park, Tex. 1,300
OxyVinyls, LaPorte, Tex. 2,400
Numbers are millions of pounds per year (2002) of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Commercial production is based on cracking of ethylene dichloride (EDC), derived from chlorination of ethylene. Byproduct hydrogen chloride obtained in the cracking process is used in an oxychlorination reaction with oxygen and ethylene to produce additional EDC. Nearly all (98 percent) of VCM is converted into PVC. PVC is the second-largest (after polyethylene) and most versatile of all thermoplastics. The construction industry accounts for over 70 percent of its demand. Consumption of VCM will remain dependent upon the health of the PVC business. The economic slowdown that hit the PVC sector particularly hard in 2001 is apparently past. PVC�s fortune is tied to construction and this industrial activity has been doing well since last year, and continues to improve. Housing starts in September 2003 were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,888,000. This is 4.3 percent above the September 2002 rate of 1,810,000.

Oxbow operates four petroleum coke shipping terminals worldwide, including Long Beach, California, Texas City, Texas. Most of the company�s terminal customers are large integrated oil companies that choose to outsource the storage and loading of petroleum coke for a fee. A fifth terminal located in Galveston, Texas is designed to handle dry products such as chemical grade bauxite, clinker cement, soda ash and coal. Oxbow is the largest shipper of petroleum coke through the port of Long Beach, moving over two million tons annually. Oxbow handles nearly 2.3 million tons of petroleum coke through the Texas City, Texas facility. Some of the products transported through the GT terminal in Galveston include chemical grade bauxite, construction grade aggregate cement, clinker, finished steel products, soda ash, coal, phosphate rock, dry bulk sulfur and manganese ore.

Lyondell is the world's leading producer of propylene oxide (PO), a commodity chemical used as a building block in the production of various derivative products. From just over 200 million pounds per year (90 thousand metric tons) production capacity in 1969, Lyondell has expanded its capacity to produce nearly 4.5 billion pounds per year (2 million metric tons) in 2003. In North America, Lyondell utilizes the PO/TBA process at its Bayport, Texas facility and the PO/SM process at its Channelview, Texas plants. PO is used to make highly versatile polyurethane raw materials which, in turn, are used in the manufacturing of thousands of everyday products, ranging from antifreeze to cosmetics. Polyurethanes are used to produce rigid foams for thermal insulation in the construction industry and flexible foams for mattresses, furniture upholstery and seat cushioning in automotive applications.

Coastal Corporation
Coastal owns and operates a 100,000 barrels per day refinery in Corpus Christi. In 1996, Coastal shipped close to 90,000 tons of asphalt. About 1000 tank cars moved from the refinery in Corpus Christi to the coastal asphalt terminal located here in Ft. Worth at Peach Yard.

Alcoa Rockdale, TX
In 1952, the first aluminum was cast at Rockdale Operations. This 35,000-acre site is home to lignite mining, power generation and aluminum smelting operations, ultimately producing the raw aluminum necessary for the manufacture of aluminum consumer and industrial products. At full capacity, the smelting plant, the largest in the United States, can produce two million pounds of aluminum per day. Rockdale Operations manufactures 40,000-pound sheet ingot used by fabricating plants in forming plate, sheet and foil, and 1,500-pound primary ingots or "pig", which are sold for remelting. Aluminum powder, produced at Rockdale, is used in a variety of chemical and commercial applications including cosmetics, paint and as a component in solid rocket propellants for NASA.

Basell North America is a joint venture of Shell and BASF. It produces plastics at facilities in Bayport, Texas. Illustrating our company�s dependence on rail transportation is the fact that 100% of the polymer resins we produce at Lake Charles and Bayport are loaded directly into railroad hopper cars. These operations account for the vast majority of our U.S. production. To meet the needs of our customers around the country, Basell has invested in a fleet of more than 4,000 hopper cars. Basell ships approximately 14,000 carloads of plastic pellets per year.

BASF Chemical Company
Bishop Plant in Bishop, TX
Freeport Works in Freeport, TX
Acrylic Acid II plant in Freeport, TX, completed 1986
Nylon resin expansion completed at Freeport, TX 1991
Acrylic Acid III plant in Freeport, TX, completed 1997
Clear Lake Plant in Pasadena, TX
Port Arthur Plant in Port Arthur, TX
World's largest steam cracker, 60/40 venture between BASF Corporation and ATOFINA
Petrochemicals, Inc. starts production in Port Arthur, TX 2001.

BP Solvay plant in Deer Park, Texas
BP Solvay Polyethylene North America produces 1.8 billion pounds of Fortiflex high density polyethylene (HDPE) at its Deer Park, Texas production facilities each year. Most of the HDPE produced is in the form of plastic pellets, shipped in railroad hopper cars and bulk trucks. Customers transform the pellets into many products. They are widely used in blow-molded packaging for foods, dairy products, bottled water, cosmetics, medical products and household chemicals. Injection molders use BP Solvay Polyethylene resins in products ranging from hard hats to housewares. Other injection-molding applications include food containers, beverage cases, caps and closures, pails and ice chests.

Celanese AG
Celanese AG is a global chemicals company with leading positions in its key products and world class process technology. The Celanese portfolio consists of four main businesses: Chemical Products, Acetate Products, Technical Polymers Ticona and Performance Products. The Performance Products business consists of Nutrinova sweeteners and food ingredients.

Chevron Phillips Chemical
Cedar Bayou, Texas ethylene and propylene
Borger, TX
Brownwood, TX
Conroe, TX
La Porte, TX
Orange, TX
Pasadena, TX high density polyethylene and K resin
Port Arthur, TX ethylene and propylene
Sweeny, TX ethylene and propylene
Waxahatchie, TX high density polyethylene and pipe systems
Chevron Phillips Chemical unit 1799 at Cedar Bayou, Texas is the largest single loop reactor for high-density polyethylene production in the world today. Unit 1799 is a joint manufacturing facility in which Chevron Phillips Chemical and BP Solvay equally share the on-going operating expenses and investments necessary to build and maintain the unit. When we began building Unit 1799, we shuttered two polyethylene loops in Orange, Texas, which produced 300 million pounds annually. Our portion of Unit 1799 is approximately 350 million pounds.

Dixie Chemical Company Houston
Dixie's manufacturing plant is situated on 45 acres in the Bayport Industrial Area 25 miles southeast of Houston. Dixie Chemical Company, a recognized leader in the manufacture and marketing of high-purity specialty and complex chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates for domestic and export areas.

The Victoria Plant began manufacturing in 1951. The plant uses raw materials like; ammonia, butadiene, cyclohexane, ethylene, hydrogen, DuPont Victoria Plant and natural gas to make nylon intermediates and low density polyethylene. The intermediates are then shipped by railcar to other manufacturing sites.
DuPont Sabine River Works in Orange, Texas

Engelhard Pasadena, TX process catalysts
Engelhard has a long history of providing fluid catalytic cracking catalysts and moving bed catalysts.

Equistar's complexes are strategically located on the U.S. Gulf Coast and produce petrochemicals, polymers, ethylene oxide and derivatives. Our network of world-scale olefins crackers offer customers flexibility and reliability. Plants are at:
Bayport (Pasadena) one makes Propylene Oxide, Tertiary Butyl Alcohol, Isobutylene, Propylene Glycol, Propylene Glycol Ethers and the other makes Low Density Polyethylene
Beaumont makes Ethylene Glycol
Channelview one makes Propylene Oxide, Styrene Monomer, Butanediol, MTBE and the other Ethylene, Propylene, Butadiene, Benzene, Toluene Alkylate, MTBE, DCPD, Isoprene, Resin Oil, Piperylenes
Chocolate Bayou one (12 miles south of Alvin) makes Ethylene, Propylene, Butadiene, Benzene, Toluene, DCPD, Isoprene, Resin Oil, MTBE and the other (2 miles west of Alvin) makes High Density Polyethylene
Corpus Christi makes Ethylene, Propylene, Butadiene, Benzene
La Porte makes Ethylene, Propylene, Low Density Polyethylene, Linear Low Density Polyethylene, Wire & Cable Insulating Resins, Polymers for Adhesives, Sealants and Coatings
Matagorda (13 miles south of Bay City) makes High Density Polyethylene
Victoria, Texas makes High Density Polyethylene.

Ethyl Corporation manufactures and distributes diesel cetane improver and gasoline performance additives throughout North America. In addition, Ethyl provides terminal storage and distribution services from its Houston, Texas plant.

For more than 75 years, ExxonMobil has been part of the Baytown community. The ExxonMobil petroleum/petrochemical complex is the largest of this type in the world. It consists of a refinery, two chemical plants and two research centers. ExxonMobil provides approximately 4,000 full-time and 2,000 contract jobs in Baytown. The Baytown Chemical Plant, located on the Gulf coast of Texas, began operations in 1940. Products made here include polypropylene (packaging, diapers), butyl polymers (tires, bottle stoppers), and specialty fluids (paint, household cleaners). The Baytown Olefins Plant was founded in 1979. Here, we manufacture olefin products, with ethylene accounting for about three-fourths of the annual production. The plant is the largest, single-train ethylene facility in the world and is equipped with state-of-the-art technology.
The Beaumont aromatics facility produces toluene and benzene. A grassroots cyclohexane plant started up in 1999. This upgrades part of the Beaumont complex's existing benzene and hydrogen supply to cyclohexane, an intermediate chemical used primarily to make nylon fibers and resin. In 1997, we completed a project at Beaumont to produce paraxylene, a basic raw material for polyester fibers and resins used in textiles and plastics manufacturing. Ethylene from the plant is used to make a wide range of household, commercial and industrial products. It can be converted into polyethylene that is used to make plastic bags and bottles, packaging films, housewares and toys. It also can be used to make other derivative chemicals that go into the making of synthetic lubricants, antifreeze, pain, polyester fibers and resins, polystyrene packaging, electrical components, polishes, medical products, PVC pipes, upholstery, luggage and more.
Houston Olefins Plant The facility's ethylene production capacity was increased to 755 million pounds per year in 1997 with the completion of a Fuel Gas Olefins Recovery Project that utilizes proven cryogenic technology to permit the substitution of more economical refinery fuel gas for ethane feedstock. When Mobil purchased the plant in 1988, the total capacity was 500 million pounds annually.
Founded in 1979, ExxonMobil Chemical's plastics plant in Mont Belvieu, Texas, produces linear low density and high density polyethylenes.

Firestone Polymers plants, located in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and Orange, Texas.

Formosa Plastics Corporation
Formosa Plastics Corporation is a full-service manufacturer and supplier of plastic resins and petrochemicals. Our operations include chemical and petrochemical manufacturing, natural gas drilling, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) downstream processing. Annual production at the Point Comfort, Texas plant was 1,785 million pounds of caustic soda, 2,135 million pounds EDC, 1,266 million pounds PVC suspension resin, 840 million pounds VCM, 3,411 million pounds ethylene gas, 1,484 million pounds High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), 582 million pounds Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE), and 1,495 million pounds polypropylene (PP). In 1994, Formosa formed the Formosa Transrail Corporation to operate and maintain its newly acquired rail fleet. Consisting primarily of new, large volume railcars, the fleet transports products to customers across North America and Mexico, allowing the company to expedite all rail shipments and helping to ensure on-time deliveries.

Goodyear Chemical
Goodyear operates three of the world's largest synthetic rubber plants in Houston and Beaumont, Texas, in addition to chemical plants in Niagara Falls, N.Y., and Bayport, Texas, and a pilot plant in Akron, Ohio. In 1955, Goodyear purchased a Houston synthetic rubber plant from the U.S. government. Goodyear also has chemical plants at Houston and Beaumont.

Huntsman Petrochemical Corp
Conroe, Texas Petrochemical & Performance Chemicals Manufacturing
Dayton, Texas Performance Chemicals Manufacturing
Port Arthur, Texas Petrochemical manufacturing
Port Neches, Texas Petrochemicals & Performance Chemicals Manufacturing
Freeport, Texas Ethyleneamines Manufacturing
Longview, Texas Polypropylene manufacturing
Odessa, Texas Polymer manufacturing

International Specialty Products (ISP)
Texas City plant
The manufacturing facility, located in Port Neches, Texas has been successfully producing high quality ESBR for over 60 years. The plant has 500 million pounds per year of ESBR capacity in a wide variety of grades. These grades include: cold emulsion types; hot emulsion types; oil extended products and carbon black master batches. This capability to produce multiple grades provides ISP Elastomers with the ability to offer one of the broadest lines of styrene butadiene products in the industry.

Houston Texas plant makes Gasoline, Diesel, Jet Fuel, Benzene, Toluene, Paraxylene, Orthoxylene, Lube Oils.

Novus International (formed in 1992 from Monsanto)
Ground for the new 100 million pound plant was broken in February of.1982 at Monsanto�s Chocolate Bayou manufacturing site near Alvin, Texas. The Alimet Feed Supplement manufacturing facility in Chocolate Bayou, Texas is the largest and most innovative methionine manufacturing plant in the world. It produced 275,000,000 pounds per year in 1993 - nearly three times the installed capacity just ten years earlier. Alimet is a feed supplement for cows, pigs and chickens.

Occidental Chemical Corporation (OxyChem) headquartered in Dallas, Texas, part of Occidental Petroleum Corporation, is one of the largest chemical producers in North America. With 28 facilities, primarily in the United States, OxyChem manufacturers chlorine and caustic soda - the building blocks to make such indispensable products as pharmaceuticals, water disinfectants, blood bags, bleach, detergents and more.

Houston plant makes Global Coatings (paint) and Performance Resins Composites.

Reilly Industries
Since the turn of the century, Reilly Industries has been in the coal tar refining business. Originally, the company specialized in creosote oil, extracted from coal tar and used to treat wood. As demand grew, Reilly expanded across the United States, building refineries near steel mills, a major source of coal tar. When the market for creosote declined, the company diversified into other refinery products.
Lone Star refinery facilities in Lone Star, TX

Rohm and Haas Company
Bayport Plant La Porte, TX
Deer Park Plant Deer Park, TX (next to Shell Chemical plant)

Sartomer is a premier global supplier of acrylate/methacrylate monomers, oligomers, photo initiators, hydrocarbon resins, Poly bd�, SMA, and other specialty chemicals. Sartomer's products are used in ultraviolet, electron beam, peroxide, cationic, amine and hybrid cure technologies to enhance the performance of inks, adhesives, coatings, plastics and elastomers.
Channelview, TX plant

Schenectady International
Schenectady International, Inc. (SII), founded with its headquarters in Schenectady, New York, is the world's leading manufacturer of alkylphenols. SII also manufactures phenolic resins, electronic coatings and specialty chemicals. Our facility in Freeport, Texas is the world's largest alkylphenol production site, supplying the makers of detergents and plastics.

Shell Chemical LP
Shell Deer Park is a 1,500-acre complex is a joint oil refinery/ chemicals manufacturing site. Shell Deer Park Refining Company processes approximately 340,000 barrels per day while chemicals are made by Shell Chemical LP. The products made at Deer Park are lower olefins (ethylene, propylene, butylene, isoprene, butadiene, piperylene, dicyclopentadine), benzene, toluene, xylene, chemical solvents, phenol and acetone. The chemicals made at Deer Park are sold to other chemical companies that transform them into thousands of consumer products, ranging from plastics to building materials. Most chemical products are shipped via pipelines, but ships, barges, rail cars and trucks also are used to supply customers throughout the U.S. and to some foreign countries. The chemical plant began operations in the 1940s and is owned by Shell Chemical LP, part of the global Shell Chemicals Company. The plant divested its resins operation in 2000, and its vinyl chloride operation in 1987.

Sherwin Alumina Company
The Sherwin Alumina plant is located near Gregory, across the bay from Corpus Christi, Texas. The Sherwin Alumina Company, formerly Reynolds Metals Company-Sherwin Plant, has produced alumina at this location for more than fifty-one (51) years beginning in 1953. The primary function of the Sherwin plant is to extract aluminum oxide, called alumina, from bauxite ore. The plant is capable of producing 1.4 million tons of smelter grade alumina and 300,000 tons of chemical grade alumina hydrate per year. The plant, which is situated on the Texas Gulf Coast, is located near North American smelting operations. Our deep water port, accessible by vessels with displacement up to 60,000 tons, is the primary transportation mode for incoming bauxite and outgoing alumina. We can also ship to customers by barge, rail, and truck.

Solutia operates manufacturing facilities at Chocolate Bayou for Monsanto, Novus, and Huntsman; and provides operational services and utilities to an adjacent Equistar plant. The Chocolate Bayou plant has been in operation since 1962. The site was selected because of its proximity to intercoastal waterways, pipelines, raw materials, and to customers. In the beginning, the plant's major product line was ethylene and its derivatives. Today, the site continues to be an industry leader -- but in completely different product lines. With over 800 employees, the plant produces a wide variety of intermediate chemical products that are used to make other products. Chocolate Bayou has nine chemical producing units, which produce seven different chemical products. The plant is the world's largest producer of Acrylonitrile.

Solvay Interox, Inc.
Solvay Chemicals� Deer Park plant began operations in October 1979, and less than one year later, expanded its production to include sodium percarbonate. With this facility and the company�s Longview, Washington plant, Solvay Chemicals, together with its worldwide affiliates, constitutes the world�s leading producers of hydrogen peroxide and its derivatives.

Southern Ionics Inc.
Southern Ionics is an innovator and leading manufacturer of specialty and intermediate inorganic chemicals. Our products are based on aluminum, magnesium, sulfur and zirconium chemicals. Texas plants are in Midlothian, Terrell, and Pasadena. SII believes transportation is key to low cost and customer satisfaction. We own and operate a fleet of bulk tank trucks as well as a fleet of rail cars.

Sterling Chemicals
Operate facilities for the manufacture of six commodity petrochemicals at the Texas City, Texas plant, including styrene, acrylonitrile, acetic acid, plasticizers, sodium cyanide and disodium iminodiacetic acid (DSIDA). It generally sells petrochemicals products to customers for use in the manufacture of other chemicals and products, which in turn are used in the production of a wide array of consumer goods and industrial products.

Texas Petrochemicals LP
Texas Petrochemicals LP (TPC) specializes in C4 hydrocarbons. The company's integrated manufacturing facility focuses on production and marketing within four main business units: C4 Olefins, Specialty Chemicals, Fuel Products and Polyisobutylene. The TPC plant site is located in Houston, Texas, USA adjacent to the Houston Ship Channel, in the heart of the world's largest chemical processing center. With storage capabilities in excess of 425,000 barrels for liquid products and 400,000 barrels for liquefied gas products, the TPC site accommodates small and large storage and handling requirements. One barge and two ship docks accommodate barge and ocean going vessels to 38 feet of draft. Complete railcar service is provided by both Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe railroads. At least 14 TPC pipelines connect with several major pipelines and terminals in the immediate area, including the butadiene industry pipeline network. In addition, TPC operates product terminals in Baytown, Texas and Lake Charles, Louisiana. TPC also maintains off-site product inventories at Galena Park, Pearland and Texas City, Texas.

The Lubrizol Corporation is a global provider of specialty chemicals and materials for a wide variety of markets and end-use applications, such as lubricant additives for engine oils, other transportation-related fluids and industrial lubricants, as well as fuel additives for gasoline and diesel fuel. In addition, Lubrizol makes ingredients and additives for personal care products and pharmaceuticals; specialty materials, including polymer additives and plastics technology; specialty resins and additives for performance coatings; and additives for the food and beverage industry. Plants are located in:
Bayport, Texas
Deer Park, Texas
Houston, Texas

Zeon Chemicals L.P.
The site of our newest manufacturing facility (construction began in 1989), located in Bayport, Texas, produces Zetpol� hydrogenated nitrile rubber. Zetpol� is an extremely durable and abrasion resistant rubber with the tensile strength of aluminum. This elastomer exhibits excellent heat, oil, fuel, solvent, chemical, and ozone resistance. These characteristics, coupled with its superior physical and dynamic properties, make Zetpol� an ideal elastomer for oil field, industrial and automotive applications.

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