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A Short History and Production Statistics of the Vegetable Oil Industry for Railfans

In 1995, an estimated 106 processing facilities produce crude vegetable oil and related products in the United States using a solvent extraction process. Most vegetable oil production processes use solvent extraction. Mechanical extraction accounts for less than 6 percent of production of vegetable oils. Some of these facilities process multiple oilseed types (e.g., soybean, cottonseed, corn, safflower, sunflower, canola, peanut). Most meal products are used in animal feed products.

Summary of Output Shares Relative to Input Volumes (short tons)

Crushed volume oilmeal
Corn2,477,695 1,066,819 1,401,546
Cottonseed 3,794,066 622,308 1,744,562
Soybean 41,920,179 7,968,264 31,225,572
All other 2,601,092 1,026,335 1,497,886
Total 10,601,548 36,257,708

In 1995, soybean oil accounted for 74 percent of all vegetable oil production. Approximately 15 percent of soybean oil production was exported. Even greater percentages of the other oils were exported: 37 percent of corn oil, 23 percent of cottonseed oil, and 62 percent of all other vegetable oils combined.

Solvent Extraction Corn Oil Manufacturing Facilities and Locations: 1995Archer Daniels Midland Co. Clinton, IA
Archer Daniels Midland Co. Decatur, IL
Bunge Corp Danville, IL
Cargill Inc. Eddyville, IA
Cargill Inc. Memphis, TN
CPC International Bedford Park, IL
Mitsubishi Corporation California Oils Richmond, CA
A.E. Staley Loudon, TN

Solvent Extraction Cottonseed Oil Manufacturing Facilities and Locations: 1995 (not all listed)
ADM Southern Cotton Oil Co. Memphis, TN
ADM Southern Cotton Oil Co. Lubbock, TX (also corn)
ADM Southern Cotton Oil Co. N Little Rock, AR
ADM Southern Cotton Oil Co. Quanah, TX (also peanut)
ADM Southern Cotton Oil Co. Sweetwater, TX (also peanut)
Chickasha Cotton Oil Mill Casa Grande, AZ
Chickasha Cotton Oil Mill Clinton, OK
Chickasha Cotton Oil Mill Lamesa, TX
Chickasha Cotton Oil Mill Rio Grande Oil Mill Harlingen, TX
Dunavant Enterprises Anderson Clayton Phoenix, AZ
Dunavant Enterprises Anderson Clayton Chowchilla, CA
J.G. Boswell Corcoran, CA (also safflower)
Osceola Products Co. Kennett, MO
Osceola Products Co. Osceola, AR
Plains Co-op Oil Mill Lubbock, TX
Planter´┐Żs Cotton Oil Mill Inc. Pine Bluff, AR
Producers Cooperative Oil Mill Oklahoma City, OK
Valley Cooperative Mills Harlingen, TX
Yazoo Valley Oil Mill, Inc. Helena, AR
Yazoo Valley Oil Mill, Inc. West Monroe, LA
ADM Southern Cotton Oil Co. Richmond, TX (new since1995)

Solvent Extraction Soybean Oil Manufacturing Facilities and Locations: 1995(not all listed)
Ag Processing Inc Eagle Grove, IA
Ag Processing Inc Sergeant Bluff, IA
Ag Processing Inc Mason City, IA
Ag Processing Inc St Joseph, MO
Ag Processing Inc Manning, IA
Ag Processing Inc Dawson, MN
Ag Processing Inc Sheldon, IA
Archer Daniels Midland Kansas City, MO
Archer Daniels Midland Des Moine, IA
Archer Daniels Midland Decatur, IL
Archer Daniels Midland Lincoln, NE
Archer Daniels Midland Frankfort, IN
Archer Daniels Midland Mexico, MO
Archer Daniels Midland Fremont, NE
Archer Daniels Midland Fostoria, OH
Archer Daniels Midland Galesburg, IL
Archer Daniels Midland Fredonia, KS
Archer Daniels Midland Little Rock, AR
Archer Daniels Midland Taylorville, IL
Bunge Corp. Cairo, IL
Bunge Corp. Destrehan, LA
Bunge Corp. Emporia, KS
Bunge Corp. Danville, IL
Cargill Inc. Sidney, OH
Cargill Inc. Sioux City, IA
Cargill Inc. Des Moines, IA
Cargill Inc. Iowa Falls, IA
Cargill Inc. Bloomington, IL
Cargill Inc. Kansas City, MO
Cargill Inc. Wichita, KS
Cargill Inc. Cedar Rapids, IA
Cargill Inc. Lafayette, IN
Cargill Inc. Cedar Rapids, IA
Central Soya Co. Decatur, IL
Central Soya Co. Gibson City, IL
Central Soya Co. Bellevue, OH
Central Soya Co. Delphos, OH
Central Soya Co. Marion, OH
Harvest States Cooperative Honeymead Processing/Refining Mankato, MN
Moorman Manufacturing Co. Quincy, IL
Moorman Manufacturing Co. Helena, AR
Owensboro Grain Co. Owensboro, KY
Riceland Foods Inc. Stuttgart, AR
Ag Processing Hastings, NE (new since 1995)
Ag Processing Emmettsburg, IA (new since 1995)
Bunge Corp. Council Bluffs, IA (new since 1995)
Central Soya Co. Morristown, IN (new since 1995)
Consolidated Grain and Barge Mt. Vernon, IN (new since 1995)
CF Processing Creston, IA (new since 1995)
Incobrasa Gilman, IL (new since 1995)
South Dakota Soybean Processors Volga, SD (new since 1995)
Zeeland Farm Soya Zeeland, MI (new since 1995)

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